In the summer, few wild flowers appear to be more common than Queen
Anne's lace. Small explosions of tiny white blossoms top slender green
stalks of these delicate plants named for England's Anne, who reigned
from 1702 to 1714. The name suits the delicate appearance—and
certainly sounds better than what the plant really is, which is simply
a wild carrot. And not just a wild carrot, but a domestic carrot gone
feral, because the Americas had no carrots before English gardeners
brought along their cultivated varieties. So these are escapees and
aliens. But that means that, while a few seeds snuck out of the garden
and reverted to an original wild type, even our domestic carrots are
In fact, the carrot is a native of Afghanistan and neighboring lands.
While not as exciting as a sensational spice or exotic fruit, a sweet,
crunchy root that seemed to be good for you was of sufficient interest
that it got carried along on the old trade routes. The Greeks, though
not wild about this veggie, were writing about the carrot as early as
500 BC, so we know it had reached the
Mediterranean by then. The Romans knew about it, but liked the turnip
During the Middle Ages, the carrot was one of several root vegetables
included in the humble but fairly wholesome diet of the rural poor of
northern Europe. There is some dispute among scholars as to when the
carrot arrived where, but Charlemagne (742-814 AD)
identified the carrot as one of the foods he wished to have cultivated
in Germany and France, so it's fair to rule out some of the later dates
suggested. British records relate that, about the twelfth century, some
people were sowing wild carrot seeds because they preferred them to the
cultivated varieties, which indicates that the cultivated varieties
were growing in England by then. (Worth noting because it contradicts
those historians who state that the carrot didn't reach England until
the sixteenth century—if, in fact, such important debates
China got the carrot a little later than Europe did, but it had
probably been adopted there by the thirteenth century, if not earlier.
The carrot reached the New World with the first English colonists. Root
vegetables being fairly hardy, and the carrot being relatively popular,
nutritious, and easy to grow, its seeds were among those that the
earliest settlers brought with them. The rest is, as they say, history,
with carrots wild and domestic filling garden plots and running riot
along the roadside.
Wild carrots are pretty much skinny spikes, but cultivated carrots
come in a variety of sizes and shapes: short and stubby, long and thin,
blunt, pointy, globular, and everything in between. Orange carrots are
pretty much the only ones that are popular today, though white, yellow,
red, and purple are possibilities. Actually, orange is a relatively
recent development; the familiar, carotene-rich carrot we consume today
was developed in Holland in the 17th century. Before that, it ranged
from pale yellow to black—but not orange.
Carotenoids, the pigments responsible for the yellow and orange color
of fruits, vegetables, and autumn leaves, were so called because the
first carotenoid chemically isolated was from a carrot. In addition to
orange and yellow, the red color of tomatoes, watermelon, pink
grapefruit, apricots, and bell peppers are also carotenoids (though
most red colors in plants are caused by a different group of pigments).
These things are really good for you—but so much has been
published of late of how good carrots and carotenoids are for your
health, I won't go into details. Suffice it to say that, not only are
they great raw, even cooked carrots are healthful.
While many people cook their carrots, only a handful of people
worldwide came up with the idea of making puddings out of carrots (and
here we speak of the English kind of fruity, cooked pudding, not the
custardy, blancmange sort of dessert that we call pudding in the US).
One such sweet derives from Ireland, where the carrot has been
described as "underground honey." A Jewish tzimmes, in which
other fruits and honey may be cooked with the carrots, is another.
India's gajar halva is the third, and is this month's recipe.
This delicious, rich pudding is the perfect end to a spicy Indian meal.
1 lb. carrots, pared and grated
1½ cups milk
½ cup heavy cream
1 cup ground, blanched almonds
½ cup packed brown sugar
¼ cup butter
¼ tsp. ground nutmeg
¼ cup unsalted pistachios
Combine the carrots, milk, and cream in a
saucepan. Heat to boiling, stirring constantly. Reduce heat and cook
over medium heat, stirring frequently, until milk and cream are
absorbed (about 45 minutes).
Stir in the almonds, brown sugar, butter, and nutmeg. Cook over low
heat, stirring frequently, for 20 minutes.
Spoon the gajar halva onto a serving dish, mounding it in the
center. Garnish with pistachio nuts. Serve warm.
This recipe can be prepared up to 24 hours in
advance, and reheated before serving. After the 20 minutes cooking
period (with the almonds, sugar, butter, and nutmeg), cool the mixture,
then refrigerate. Next day, reheat over low heat, stirring frequently,
until warmed through. Then mound and garnish as above, and serve.
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